Thursday, August 17, 2017

Muslim Conquest of Egypt

Conquest of Egypt 640-641 A.D/19-20 A.H: Byzantine Province. Under pharaohs, it was a proud and independent country. Fertile Nile Delta. Became granary of Rome,...

Conquest of Syria and Palestine

CONQUESTS OF SYRIA & PALESTINE 634-638 A.D: Situation is Syria on Umar’s Accession: Rapid advancement towards Syria. Emperor Heraclius had fled from Emessa to Antioch...

Establishment of Umayyad Dynasty; Character of Muawyia

Establishment of the Umayyad Dynasty: Muawiya I  661-680 A.D Introduction: Hazrat Hassan (R.A) abdicated in favour of Muawiya. In July 661, Muawiya became the undisputed caliph...

Islamic Ideology and its Characteristics

ISLAMIC IDEOLOGY AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS: What is An Ideology: Ideology is a philosophical term meaning Science of Ideas. Ideas mean a basic concept, and the basic...

European Renaissance through Muslim Learning in Spain

European Renaissance through Muslim Learning in Spain: Introduction: A number of distinguished western historians and scientific investigators have fully acknowledged the part played by Islamic Spain...

Revenue Administration of the Umayyads

Revenue Administration of the Umayyads: Its Distinctive Features: Umayyads had more sources of revenue than that of orthodox caliphs. Zakat Usher Khums (1/5th share of...

Administrative System Of The Umayyads

CENTRAL GOVERNMENT: Lack of any fundamental laws of the state structure, constitution. Evolution of Caliphate institution was accidental, not by theory or law of...

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