Tuesday, June 27, 2017

Estoppel

ESTOPPEL: Definition: According to Art 114 of Q.S.O 1984. Estoppel is“When one person has, by his declaration, act or omission, intentionally caused or permitted another...

Of the Exclusion of Oral Evidence by Documentary Evidence

Of the exclusion of oral evidence by Doc Evidence:   It is cardinal rule of law of evidence that the best available evidence should be...

Facts about which Judicial Notice can be Taken

Facts about which Judicial Notice can be Taken Facts need not to be proved As soon as the points in issue in a case have been...

Modes of proving the handwriting of a person

Modes of Proving the Handwriting of a Person Introduction                         Art. 78 of Qanun-e-Shahadat Order 1984 provides that if a document is alleged to be signed...

Accomplice

Accomplice An accomplice shall be competent witness against an accused person, except in the case of an offence punishable with Hadd and a conviction is...

Modes of prove of Public and Private documents

Modes of prove of Public and Private documents Introduction: Law of evidence divides documents into two categories:-Public document Private documentLord Blackburn defined a public document...

Refreshing of memory by a Witness

Refreshing of memory by a Witness Introduction Ordinarily a witness deposes to facts from the recollection but memory fades and it is therefore very necessary that...

Improper Admission and Rejection of Evidence

Improper Admission and Rejection of Evidence Article 162 of Qanun e Shahadat Order provides thatImproper admission, or RejectionOf evidence in a civil or criminal...

Leading Questions

Leading Questions Any statement suggesting the answer which the person putting it wishes or expects to receive, is called a leading question. It is a...

Modes of Examination of witness

Modes of Examination of witness Examination in Chief Defination: The examination of a witness by the party who calls him shall be called his examination in chief”. Object...

Secondary Evidence when admissible

Secondary Evidence when admissible Defination: Article 74 defines secondary evidence to mean and include:Certified copies given under the provisions of QSO 1984 Copies made from...

Impeaching the credit of witness

Impeaching the credit of witness Principle and Scope: Articles 132, 140, 141 contains provisions for impeaching the credit of a witness by cross examination. Article 151...

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